What is Norandrostenedione?

An illegal prohormone, Norandrostenedione can be metabolized by the body and converted to the anabolic steroid Nandrolone. As seen in the news, some athletes have tried to get a competitive edge through illegal use of Norandrostenedione and other prohormones.

Over the last few years, prohormone supplements have been aggressively marketed to the general public. Supplement manufacturers often claim that prohormone-use may increase testosterone, increase muscular strength and mass, reduce body fat, enhance mood, and improve sexual performance. However, most prohormone studies contradict these claims. In addition, many prohormone supplements are contaminated with an illegal anabolic androgenic steroid that is not included in the ingredient list.

What are its short and long-term effects on the body?

Although anabolic androgenic steroids may increase lean muscle mass, strength, and the ability to train longer and harder, the serious side effects of steroids are many and may not be reversible. The minor side effects of steroid use include acne, oily skin, excess hair growth, and deepening of the voice. The major side effects of steroid use include an increased risk of cancer, increased risk of heart and liver disease, jaundice, fluid retention, reduction in HDL-C (“good cholesterol”), high blood pressure, changes in blood coagulation, increased risk of atherosclerosis, swelling of the soft tissues of the extremities (edema), and obstructive sleep apnea.

Side effects specific to men can include testicular atrophy or the shrinking of the testicles, reduced sperm count, infertility, baldness, and the development of breasts. For women, side effects can include enlargement of the clitoris, changes in the body contour growth of facial hair, disruption of the menstrual cycle, deepened voice and infertility.

An increase in androgenic (male) hormones may also lead to aggressive behavior. Research also indicates that steroid users often suffer from paranoid jealousy, extreme irritability, delusions, and impaired judgment stemming from feelings of invincibility.

Adolescents who abuse steroids are at a significant risk of suffering irreversible side effects, including stunted growth, accelerated puberty changes and abnormal sexual development. Adolescent girls in particular may suffer from severe acne, excessive body and facial hair, deepened voice, permanent enlargement of the clitoris, disruption of the menstrual cycle, and permanent infertility.

What is its federal classification?

Norandrostenedione is included in Schedule III of the Code of Federal Regulations' Schedule of Controlled Substances.