Miscellaneous Anabolic Agents

What are Anabolic Agents?

Anabolic Agents are substances which are not anabolic androgenic steroids but may increase muscle mass and metabolism and reduce fatigue and recovery time due to their interaction with androgenic receptors. Examples of Anabolic Agents include Clenbuterol, Tibolone, Zeranol, and Zilpaterol.

What do Anabolic Agents look like?

Anabolic Agents are available in tablet, liquid, and skin patch form.

What are their short and long-term effects on the body?

Physical side effects include increased risk for stroke and heart attack, jaundice and liver damage, intestinal problems, nausea, damage to the reproductive system, kidney abnormalities, increased tumor growth, injuries to tendons and ligaments, high blood pressure (hypertension), heart rhythm abnormalities (arrhythmias), dizziness, headaches, tremors, increased acne, greasy skin, muscle cramps, and swelling of the legs and ankles due to excess fluid retention.

Psychological side effects include mood swings, paranoia, agitation, restlessness, anxiety, insomnia, and depression.

Additional side effects specific to males may include the development of breast tissue, infertility and baldness.

Additional side effects specific to females may include increased facial and body hair, menstrual problems, permanent deepening of the voice, fetal damage and clitoral enlargement.

What is their federal classification?

These substances are not legally available in the United States.