What is Methylphenidate?

Methylphenidate, sold under the brand names of Ritalin, Concerta, Metadate, and Methylin, is used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. Researchers believe it may increase the amount of the dopamine, the neurotransmitter that plays a role in the experience of pleasure in the brain.

What are the common names or slang terms for Methylphenidate?

Methylphenidate is also known as Ritalin, Concerta, Crackers, One and Ones, Poor Man's Heroin, Speedball, Ts and Rits, Ts and Rs, Vitamin R, and West Coast.

What does it look like?

Methylphenidate is manufactured in tablet and liquid forms.

How is it used?

Methylphenidate is generally taken orally. Abusers may also crush the tablets to allow it to be snorted or injected.

What are the short and long-term effects of Methylphenidate abuse on the body?

If taken as prescribed by a doctor for a legitimate medical condition, Methylphenidate can be a safe medication. However, when Methylphenidate is used for non-medical purposes, the user is at risk of serious health consequences. Children, teens, and adults with pre-existing heart defects or problems are especially at risk.

Stimulants in general may lead to insomnia and feelings of nervousness, irritability, paranoia, or aggression. At higher doses or after long-term use, Stimulant use can lead to loss of weight, mild hypertension, hallucinations, convulsions, brain hemorrhages, and serious heart health issues including palpitations, rhythm abnormalities, circulatory problems and heart attack. A single extreme dose of a Stimulant can also result in death.

What is its federal classification?

Methylphenidate is included in Schedule II of the Code of Federal Regulations' Schedule of Controlled Substances.