Amphetamine

What are Amphetamines?

Amphetamines are a class of potent Stimulants with the ability to boost the levels of dopamine, the neurotransmitter involved in motivation and pleasure. There are a few legitimate medical uses for Amphetamines including the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. Brand names of Amphetamines include, but are not limited to, Adderall, Dexedrine and Vyvanse.

What are the common names or slang terms for Amphetamines?

The seemingly endless list of common names or slang terms for Amphetamines (or drug combinations that include Amphetamines) include: Amp, B-bombs, Bam, Bennie, Benz, Bombita, Brain Ticklers, Candy, Chalk, Co-pilot, Dexies, Dolls, Eye Openers, Horse Heads, Lightning, and Speed.

What do they look like?

Amphetamines are manufactured in tablet and capsule forms.

How are they used?

While Amphetamines are generally taken orally, abusers may also crush certain types of Amphetamines so that it can be snorted, injected intravenously, or smoked. While Amphetamines do produce feelings of euphoria in users, the length of the experience depends on the route of administration. In general, the effects of Amphetamines last longer than those of other Stimulants.

What are the short and long-term effects on the body?

While Amphetamines are generally taken to increase alertness, suppress appetite, or reduce fatigue, Amphetamine-use may lead to insomnia, an increase in blood pressure, irregular heart rate, dizziness, mood swings, paranoia, dry mouth, or hyperventilation. Visual hallucinations, paranoia, fears of persecution, hyperactivity and panic are frequently described by Amphetamine users. Studies also suggest that the use of Amphetamines over time could result in damage to the nerve endings that produce the neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin.

Stimulants in general may lead to insomnia and feelings of nervousness, irritability, paranoia, or aggression. At higher doses or after long-term use, Stimulant use can lead to loss of weight, mild hypertension, hallucinations, convulsions, brain hemorrhages, and serious heart health issues including palpitations, rhythm abnormalities, circulatory problems and heart attack. A single extreme dose of a Stimulant can also result in death.

What is their federal classification?

Amphetamines are included in Schedule II of the Code of Federal Regulations' Schedule of Controlled Substances.